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2019 Novel Coronavirus

Last Updated: March 27th 2020



March 27th 2020: Los Angeles County Announces Five New Deaths Related to 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) 257 New Cases of Confirmed COVID-19 in Los Angeles County (Full Text)

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County of Los Angeles Order  |  City of Los Angeles Order
FAQ  |  Confirmed Cases

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The Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (Public Health) is cooperating with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to respond to recent reports of a novel (new) coronavirus. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, some causing respiratory illness in people and others that circulate mostly among animals. Common symptoms in an infected person include fever, cough and shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.

Since its discovery in December 2019, mainland Chinese authorities have identified thousands of human infections, resulting in thousands of deaths associated with this novel (new) coronavirus, which began in Wuhan City, Hubei Province. In addition, novel coronavirus infections have been confirmed in numerous travelers in the United States and a growing list of countries internationally.



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Basic Information Basic Information



This County of Los Angeles Health Officer Order (Order) amends and supersedes the Orders of the County of Los Angeles Health Officer (Health Officer) issued on March 16, and 19, 2020. This Revised Order is issued to comply with Executive Order N-33-20 issued by Governor Gavin Newsom, wherein the State Public Health Officer ordered all individuals living in the State of California to stay home or at their place of residence, except as needed to maintain continuity of operations of the federal critical infrastructure sectors. Further, this Order extends the closure of certain businesses required by the Health Officer's March 16, 2020 Order to April 19, 2020.

Due to the continued rapid spread of the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) and the need to protect the most vulnerable members of our community, this Order prohibits all indoor and outdoor public and private gatherings and events. The Order specifically requires all businesses to cease in-person operations and close to the public, unless the business is defined as an Essential Business by this Order. This Order is effective immediately within the County of Los Angeles Public Health Jurisdiction, defined as all unincorporated areas and cities within the County of Los Angeles, with the exception of the cities of Long Beach and Pasadena, on March 21, 2020 and continuing through April 19, 2020, subject to the terms and conditions set forth below.

For all Essential Businesses, the Health Officer orders those businesses to take the following infection control precautions:
(1) practice social distancing by requiring patrons, visitors, and employees to be separated by six (6) feet, to the extent feasible;
(2) provide access to hand washing facilities with soap and water or hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol;
(3) post a sign in a conspicuous place at the public entry to the venue instructing members of the public to not enter if they are experiencing symptoms of respiratory illness, including fever or cough; and
(4) adhere to communicable disease control recommendations provided by the County of Los Angeles Department of Public Health.

This Order does not prohibit any individual or family from engaging in outdoor activities, as an individual, or family, such as: hiking, walking, biking, or shopping at Essential Businesses, including grocery stores and restaurants offering delivery, drive thru or carry out service, so long as all persons practice social distancing to the extent practicable. Further, this Health Officer Order requires all indoor malls and shopping centers, all swap meets and flea markets, all indoor and outdoor playgrounds and all non-essential businesses to close. This Order does not supersede any stricter limitation imposed by a local public entity.

The County Health Officer will continue to monitor the rate of COVID-19 disease spread, the severity of the resulting illnesses and deaths caused, California Department of Public Health (CDPH) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations, and the effect of this Order. If needed, this Order may be extended, expanded, or otherwise modified to protect the public’s health.


As with other respiratory illnesses, there are steps that everyone can take daily to reduce the risk of getting sick or infecting others with circulating viruses.

You should:

  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or while singing the "Happy Birthday" song, twice, especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
  • If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash hands with soap and water if hands are visibly dirty.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Limit close contact, like kissing and sharing cups or utensils, with people who are sick.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash. If you do not have a tissue, use your sleeve (not your hands).
  • Face masks are most effective when used appropriately by health care workers and people who are sick.
  • Get a flu shot to prevent influenza if you have not done so this season.

 If you have been the victim of or witness to an act of violence, bullying, harassment, threat, or other act motivated by hate, please fill out the Hate Incident Report Form or call 2-1-1 to file a report and be connected to support services. 

Because of the similarity to flu symptoms, the CDC is recommending that people who have recently traveled or been in contact with someone who has recently traveled outside of the U.S. and starts experiencing these symptoms to contact a health professional for guidance.

Reported illnesses have ranged from mild symptoms to severe illness and death for confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases.

These symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure (based on the incubation period of MERS-CoV viruses).

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

What does CDC recommend people do to prevent spreading the virus?
The CDC recommends taking steps you would typically take to prevent illness. Wash your hands regularly, avoid contact with people who have recently traveled outside of the country, and stay home if you have any symptoms that resemble the common cold or flu.

information flyer from los angeles department of public health announcing social distancing is best tool to slow the spread of covid-19

  • Having an ample supply of essentials at home (including water, food, hygiene, medications, and pet food);
  • Planning for the possibility of business disruptions, school closures, and modifications/cancellations of select public events;
  • Practicing simple social distancing strategies that limit your exposure to others who may be ill (verbal salutations in place of handshakes and hugs, not sharing utensils, cups and linens, staying six feet apart from others at public events).

The CDC recommends taking steps you would typically take to prevent illness. Wash your hands regularly, avoid contact with people who have recently traveled outside of the country, and stay home if you have any symptoms that resemble the common cold or flu.

information flyer from los angeles department of public health announcing social distancing is best tool to slow the spread of covid-19

image of protocol to seeking help if exhibiting fever, cough, or shortness of breath that says to call your physician or local public health department for further instructions

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Who should be tested

Not everyone needs to be tested for COVID-19. Here is some information that might help in making decisions about seeking care or testing.

  • Most people have mild illness and are able to recover at home.
  • There is no treatment specifically approved for this virus.
  • Testing results may be helpful to inform decision-making about who you come in contact with.

CDC has guidance for who should be tested, but decisions about testing are at the discretion of state and local health departments and/or individual clinicians.

  • Clinicians should work with their state and local health departments to coordinate testing through public health laboratories, or work with clinical or commercial laboratories.

How to get tested

If you have symptoms of COVID-19 and want to get tested, try calling your state or local health department or a medical provider. While supplies of these tests are increasing, it may still be difficult to find a place to get tested.

What to do after you are tested

  • If you test positive for COVID-19, see If You Are Sick or Caring for Someone.
  • If you test negative for COVID-19, you probably were not infected at the time your specimen was collected. However, that does not mean you will not get sick. It is possible that you were very early in your infection at the time of your specimen collection and that you could test positive later, or you could be exposed later and then develop illness. In other words, a negative test result does not rule out getting sick later.

CDC expects that widespread transmission of COVID-19 in the United States will occur. In the coming months, most of the U.S. population will be exposed to this virus. You should continue to practice all the protective measures recommended to keep yourself and others free from illness. See How to Protect Yourself.

If you are very sick get medical attention immediately

If you develop emergency warning signs for COVID-19 get medical attention immediately. Emergency warning signs include*:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • New confusion or inability to arouse
  • Bluish lips or face

*This list is not all inclusive. Please consult your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning.

Clean and disinfect
Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks. If surfaces are dirty, clean them: Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.

At Home: 
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